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Increasing Statistics of Prescription Drug Abuse

In order to survive in this competitive world, frustration, depression and anxiety seems to be ruling our world at every step. To escape from all these troubles, drugs seem to be the most potent medium. Besides the illegal drugs, the prescription drug abuse also leads to a certain kind of addiction. It includes the use of sedatives, mood stabilizers and pain killers used by the victim against the prescription of the doctor ‘dosage. It has been found that a taking the drugs frequently leads to certain kind of addiction. Hence it is a kind of self medication, where the victim takes the drugs without even taking permission from the doctor. It has been found that the statistics of the prescription abuse is increasing day by day. Anti depressants and painkillers are the most frequently abused drugs.Like many other drugs, prescription drug abuse also creates certain cravings within the individual. As a result, the person cannot resist himself from taking the drugs. He develops an insatiable craving, which becomes so much strong that he has to take one dose everyday at least. It has been found that teenagers are the worst victims of drug and alcohol abuse. Oxycodon and Vicodin are two of the most frequently abused drugs among the teenagers. They get abused to the drugs mainly at the social gatherings or at the parties. In the beginning they take the drugs just out of curiosity to find out what are the reasons for it. But gradually they develop the habit of taking it and finally this turns into an addiction process. So what was earlier a physical craving slowly becomes a psychological craving gradually.

The path to prescription drug abuse begins with experimentation. Though the reasons for drug abuse vary from person to person, yet some of the most common ones are genetics and the influence of social environment, any traumatic event in the childhood, abuse or neglect by the family members, early usage of drugs and also mental disorders like depression and anxiety. Though the symptoms vary from person to person, yet the effects of drug abuse remain almost the same. If the drugs start controlling your life, the more you are moving forward from abuse to drug addiction. This will create a negative impact on the social and the economic life of an individual. If you are on a dangerous path of drug abuse, it is always better to seek medical help as soon as possible.One of the most dangerous effects of the prescription drug abuse is denial of the use of substances. Though the causes of drug abuse may vary from person to person, yet the mind will always try to rationalize it every time there occurs a severe urge within the body. You may underestimate the amount of drugs that you are taking, but this may create a serious impact on the life.

Gallstone Dissolving Agents – Oral Drug

Type of Drug

Gallstone dissolving agent.

How the Drug Works

Ursodiol helps dissolve cholesterol gallstones. It is most effective if the gallstones are small or “floatable.” Patients must have a working gallbladder.

Uses

To dissolve cholesterol gallstones smaller than 20 mm in diameter in patients who are not good candidates for surgery because of systemic disease, advanced age, or reaction to general anesthesia.

For the prevention of gallstones in obese patients experiencing rapid weight loss.

Gallstone Recurrence: Treatment requires months of therapy. Complete dissolution does not always occur and recurrence with in 5 years has been observed in 50% or fewer patients. Consider alternative therapy if possible.

Pregnancy: There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Use only if clearly needed and the potential benefits outweigh the possible hazards to the fetus.Breastfeeding: It is not known if ursodiol appears in breast milk. Consult your doctor before you begin breastfeeding.

Children: Safety and effectiveness have not been established.

Lab tests will be required during treatment. Tests include liver function; analysis.

Drug Interactions

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or planning to take any over ­ the-counter or prescription medications or dietary supplements with this drug. Drug doses may need to be modified or a different drug prescribed.

The following drugs and drug classes interact with this drug:

Antacids, Aluminum-based (eg, aluminum hydroxide)

Clofibrate (eg, Atromid-S)

Contraceptives, Oral (eg, Ortho-Novum)

Bile Acid Sequestrants (eg, cholestyramine)

Estrogens (eg, ethinyl estradiol)

Side Effects

Every drug is capable of producing side effects. Many patients experience no, or minor, side effects. The frequency and severity of side effects depend on many factors including dose, duration of therapy and individual susceptibility. Possible side effects include.

Digestive Tract: Nausea; vomiting; diarrhea; severe abdominal pain (especially in upper right side); indigestion; constipation; gas; gallbladder inflammation; inflammation of the mouth.

Nervous System: Headache; fatigue; anxiety; depression; sleep problems.

Skin: Rash; itching; hives; dry skin; sweating; hair thinning.

Other: Metallic taste; joint and muscle pain; cough; runny nose; back pain; mouth sores.

Guidelines for Use

Use exactly as prescribed. Otherwise, the gallstones may dissolve very slowly or not at all.If a dose is missed, take it as soon as possible. If several hours have passed or if it is nearing time for the next dose, do not double the dose in order to “catch up” (unless advised to do so by your doctor). If more than one dose is missed or it is necessary to establish a new dosage schedule, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

Carefully follow the diet your doctor has prescribed.

Contact your doctor if diarrhea, stomach pain, severe sudden pain in upper right side, nausea or vomiting occurs.

Therapy usually takes months. Complete dissolving of gallstones does not occur in all patients, and recurrence within 5 years occurs in up to 50% of patients.

The long-term effects (more than 24 months) of this medicine are not known.

Lab tests will be required to monitor therapy. Be sure to keep appointments.

Store below 86°F.